Located halfway between the Equator and the North Pole, Romania is the 12th largest country in Europe. Romania’s terrain is almost evenly divided between mountains, hills and plains.
Facts and Statistics:
Official Name: Romania
Location: (Southeastern) Central Europe
Time Zone: Seven hours ahead of U.S. Eastern Standard Time (GMT + 2)
Area: 92,043 sq. miles (238,391 sq. km) – a little larger than the state of Minnesota
Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: red, yellow and blue.
Population: 19,942,000 (March 2014)
Largest cities: Bucharest (1,883,400), Iasi (322,000), Cluj Napoca (309,000), Timisoara (303,000), Constanta (298,000), Craiova (295,000), Galati (286,000), Brasov (275,000), Ploiesti (224,000), Braila (205,000), Oradea (196,400). Romania’s population lives in 320 cities and towns and 12,956 villages.
Main Ethnic Groups: Romanian 84%, Hungarian 6.1%, Gipsy 3.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.2%
Religions: Christian Orthodox 81%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, Reformed 3%, Greek-Catholic 0.7%, Unitarian 0.3%, Jewish, other.
Official Language: Romanian
Currency: Leu (RON) ( plural Lei )
Climate: Temperate, four distinct seasons, similar to northeastern USA.
Capital: Bucharest (București)
Form of State: Romania is a semi-presidential democracy based on a bicameral Parliament.
Legal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.
Regional Government: Forty-one County Councils (Consiliu Judeţean).
Romania is a member state of the European Union (EU) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)